• 長期暴露于PM2.5下易患糖尿病
    文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2019-03-12 02:57 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
    (單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
    A recent study has shown that long-term exposure to PM2.5, a major particle matter pollutant1 increases the risk of diabetes2.
     
    最近一項研究顯示,長期暴露于PM2.5環境下將提高患糖尿病的風險。
     
    Diabetes causes substantial economic and health burdens worldwide. However, the association between air pollution and diabetes incidence is rarely reported in the developing countries, especially in China which has a relatively3 high PM2.5 concentrations.
     
    Researchers from the Fuwai Hospital under the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences as well as Emory University in the United States evaluated the association between long-term exposure to PM2.5 and diabetes incidence based on data collected from more than 88,000 Chinese adults. The research was published in the journal Environment International.
     
    The research team used satellite-based PM2.5 concentrations to assess PM2.5 exposure for each subject during the period 2004-2015.
     
    Results showed that the general risk of diabetes incidence increased by 15.7 percent for an increase of 10 micrograms per cubic meter of long-term PM2.5 concentration. The adverse4 effects of PM2.5 were larger among young-to middle-aged5 subjects, females, non-smokers and subjects with lower body mass index.
     
    The study revealed that PM2.5 was an important risk factor for diabetes incidence in China and sustained improvement of air quality will help decrease the diabetes epidemic6 in China.


    點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

    1 pollutant N1Zzy     
    n.污染物質,散布污染物質者
    參考例句:
    • Coal itself is a heavy pollutant.煤本身就是一種嚴重的污染物。
    • Carbon dioxide may not be a typical air pollutant.二氧化碳可能不是一種典型的污染物。
    2 diabetes uPnzu     
    n.糖尿病
    參考例句:
    • In case of diabetes, physicians advise against the use of sugar.對于糖尿病患者,醫生告誡他們不要吃糖。
    • Diabetes is caused by a fault in the insulin production of the body.糖尿病是由體內胰島素分泌失調引起的。
    3 relatively bkqzS3     
    adv.比較...地,相對地
    參考例句:
    • The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia.兔子是相對較新引入澳大利亞的物種。
    • The operation was relatively painless.手術相對來說不痛。
    4 adverse 5xBzs     
    adj.不利的;有害的;敵對的,不友好的
    參考例句:
    • He is adverse to going abroad.他反對出國。
    • The improper use of medicine could lead to severe adverse reactions.用藥不當會產生嚴重的不良反應。
    5 middle-aged UopzSS     
    adj.中年的
    參考例句:
    • I noticed two middle-aged passengers.我注意到兩個中年乘客。
    • The new skin balm was welcome by middle-aged women.這種新護膚香膏受到了中年婦女的歡迎。
    6 epidemic 5iTzz     
    n.流行病;盛行;adj.流行性的,流傳極廣的
    參考例句:
    • That kind of epidemic disease has long been stamped out.那種傳染病早已絕跡。
    • The authorities tried to localise the epidemic.當局試圖把流行病限制在局部范圍。
    TAG標簽: health diabetes PM2.5
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